Life cycle assessment
Life cycle assessment (LCA) is tool to study how products and processes affect the environment, from raw material extraction until the product becomes waste or is recycled. In an LCA all the important processes during the products lifecycle, from cradle to grave, are included. ISO 14040 is an international standard for making LCAs.
The food and agriculture sector contributes a lot to the environmental impacts caused by human activities. Over the last two decades LCA methodology has been developed and applied in this sector to quantify environmental impacts and assist in decision making. LCA is considered as the primary measurement tool to study the sustainability of food systems and also useful for guiding consumers toward more sustainable food-consumption patterns as the production, transformation, distribution and consumption of food and drink contribute strongly to human well-being and health.
Why to use it?
LCA can be beneficial for several purposes.
|Life cycle assessment|